Manchester City Football Club is an English football club based in Manchester that plays in the Premier League, the top division of the English football league system. It was founded in 1880 as St Mark’s (West Gorton), then Ardwick Football Club in 1887 and Manchester City in 1894. The club’s home ground is the Etihad Stadium in East Manchester, where they have played at Maine Road since 1923 and moved there in 2003. Manchester City adopted their sky blue home shirt in 1894, their first season under their current name.  Since its establishment, the club has won 8 league titles, 6 FA Cup titles, 8 League Cup titles, 6 Community Shield Cup titles and 1 European Cup Winners’ Cup title.
The club joined the Football League in 1892 and won their first major honor – the FA Cup – in 1904. The club enjoyed their first period of major success in the late 1960s and early 1970s, winning the League Championship, FA Cup, League Cup and European Championships under the leadership of Joe Mercer and Malcolm Allison The winner’s cup. City suffered a period of decline after losing the 1981 FA Cup final, culminating in relegation to English football’s third tier in 1998, the only relegation in their history, having remained in the Premier League since 2002-03 middle.
Manchester City has received significant financial investment in staff and facilities following its purchase from the Abu Dhabi United Group in 2008 by UAE Vice-President Sheikh Mansour bin Zayed Al Nahyan. It ushered in a new era of unprecedented success as the club won the FA Cup in 2011 and 2012 and the Premier League in 2012, their first title since the 1960s, followed by another league title in 2014 . Under Guardiola, Manchester City won the Premier League Champions League 2017/18 season and became the only team in sporting history to score 100 points in a single season. In 2018-19 they won four trophies, winning all of England’s domestic titles for an unprecedented time, becoming the first England men’s team to win a domestic treble. This was followed by back-to-back Premier League titles in 2020-21 and 2021-22, third and fourth in the Guardiola era, and the club’s first Champions League final in 2021, which they lost to Chelsea.
Manchester City leads the Deloitte Football Money League at the end of the 2020/21 season as the highest-earning football club in the world with around €644.9m.  In 2021, Forbes estimates the club to be the sixth largest club in the world, worth $4 billion.  As of November 2019, Manchester City is owned by UK-based holding company City Football Group Limited and has a market capitalization of £3.73 billion ($4.8 billion). 
Main article: History of Manchester City Football Club
Fifteen people lined up in three rows. Eleven of the men were wearing football shirts with a Maltese cross on their chests. The other four were dressed in suits and top hats.
St. Marks (Gorton) 1884 – The reason for the criss-cross pattern on the shirt is now unknown. 
City won their first honour, winning the Second Division in 1899; promotion to the First Division, the highest level of English football, followed. Their first major honor came on 23 April 1904 when they beat Bolton Wanderers 1-0 at Crystal Palace to win the FA Cup. After finishing runners-up in the league, the Blues narrowly missed out on a league and cup double that season, but were still the first Manchester club to claim a major honor.  In the seasons following the FA Cup triumph, the club was plagued by allegations of financial irregularities, which culminated in the suspension of 17 players in 1906, including captain Billy Meredith, who would later join Manchester United.  In 1920, a fire on Hyde Road destroyed the main stand and in 1923 the club moved to a new stadium on Maine Road, Mossside. 
A group of thirteen people, eleven in typical early twentieth century club football uniforms and two in suits. There is a trophy in front of them.
Manchester City winning the FA Cup in 1903/04.
In the 1930s, Manchester City reached consecutive FA Cup finals, losing to Everton in 1933 and beating Portsmouth in 1934 to lift the FA Cup. The club broke the record for the highest home attendance of any club in English football history at the 1934 game when 84,569 fans packed Maine Road to watch the FA Cup sixth round game against Stoke City – This record stood until 2016 1937 won the First Division for the first time, but were relegated the following season despite scoring more goals than any other team in the division. Twenty years later, Manchester City, inspired by the Revie Plan tactical system, reached the FA Cup final again in 1955 and 1956. Like in the 1930s, they lost the first time to Newcastle and won the second. In the 1956 final, the Blues beat Birmingham City 3-1 and Manchester City goalkeeper Bert Trautman went on after unknowingly breaking his neck. 
After relegation to the Second Division in 1963, home attendance against Swindon Town in January 1965 hit a record low of 8,015 and the prospects looked bleak.  In the summer of 1965, the management team of Joe Mercer and Malcolm Allison was appointed. City won the Second Division title in Mercer’s first season in charge and made major signings in Mike Somerby and Colin Bell.  Two seasons later, in 1967-68, Manchester City beat Newcastle United 4-3 on the final day of the season to win the league title for the second time, beating nearby neighbors Manchester United to the title. More trophies followed: Manchester City won the 1969 FA Cup and won the European Cup Winners’ Cup a year later in the 1970 final, beating Górnik Zabrze 2-1 champion. As of 2022, it is the club’s only European honor. The Blues also won the Carling Cup that year, becoming only the second English side to win both a European and a domestic cup in the same season.
The club continued to compete for honors in the 1970s, twice trailing the league champions by a point and reaching the 1974 League Cup final. The game City fans will miss most from this period was the final game of the 1973/74 season against arch-rivals Manchester United, who needed a win to have any hope of hanging on. Former Manchester United man Denis Law confirmed his opponents’ relegation when he scored with his heel in a 1-0 win over Manchester City at Old Trafford. The last trophy of the club’s most successful period was won in 1976 when Newcastle United were defeated
Manchester City’s home colors are sky blue and white. Traditional away kit colors are either maroon or (since the 1960s) red and black; however, several colors have been used in recent years. The origin of the club’s home colors is unclear, but there is evidence that blue has been used by the club since 1892 or earlier. A brochure from the 1940s titled ‘Famous Football Clubs – Manchester City’ shows that West Gorton (St Marks) originally played in scarlet and black and reports from 1884 describe the team as wearing black with a white cross The jersey, showing the ruins of the church of origin of the club.  The rare but repeated use of red and black away colors stemmed from former assistant manager Malcolm Alisson’s belief that adopting AC Milan’s colors would inspire Manchester City to glory. Alisson theorized that City won the 1969 FA Cup Final, 1970 League Cup Final and 1970 Cup Winners’ Cup Final wearing red and black stripes instead of the club’s sky blue home shirt.
City have worn three other badges on their shirts before introducing the current one in 2016. The first was introduced in 1970 and was based on a design used in official club documents from the mid-1960s. It consists of a circular coat of arms using the same shield as the current coat of arms (including a boat based on the Manchester city coat of arms), set within a circle bearing the club’s name. In 1972 this was replaced by a variant which replaced the lower half of the shield with a Lancashire red rose. In 1976, the Academy of Arms awarded the English Football League a coat of arms for use by Manchester City. The coat of arms consists of the familiar ship above a red rose, but in place of a shield on a circular device (the coat of arms reads “A Rondell per fess azure and argent in Chief, a three-masted ship with waving flags or roses with thorns and seeds at the bottom red”). 
When Manchester City play in major cup finals, the club wears the Manchester City crest on their shirts as a symbol of pride representing the city in major competitions. The practice harks back to the days when players’ jerseys usually didn’t bear any badges.  The club has abandoned this practice; for the 2011 FA Cup final, the first of the 21st century in the 19th, Manchester City used the usual crest with a special legend, but the Manchester crest as a small monochrome The logo is included in the number on the back of the player’s jersey]
A new club crest was introduced in 1997, as the previous crest could not be registered as a trademark. The coat of arms is based on the city of Manchester’s coat of arms, consisting of a shield in front of a golden eagle. The eagle is the ancient heraldic symbol of the City of Manchester; the golden eagle was added to the city’s coat of arms in 1958 (but was later removed) to represent the growing aviation industry. The top half of the shield is a ship, representing the Manchester canals, and the three diagonal stripes on the bottom half symbolize the city’s three rivers – the Elwell, Elk and Medlock. The bottom of the badge is engraved with the motto “Superbia in Proelio”, which means “Pride in Battle” in Latin. Above the eagle and shield are three stars, added for decoration.
On 15 October 2015, after years of fan criticism of the 1997 badge design, the club announced its intention to hold a fan consultation on whether to discontinue the current badge and introduce a new design.  Following negotiations, the club announced in late November 2015 that in due course a new version of the crest would be replaced, which would take the style of the older circular variant.  The supposedly new badge design was accidentally leaked by the IPO two days before its official unveiling on December 26, 2015, when the design was trademarked on December 22.  The new team logo was officially unveiled in Manchester City’s home game against Sunderland on December 26