Juventus FC

Juventus Football Club (from Latin: iuventūs, Italian pronunciation: [juˈvɛntus], “youth”), commonly known as Juventus (pronounced [juːve]),[5] is a professional football club based in Turin, Piedmont, Italy. Clubs, in Serie A, the top division of the Italian football league system. Founded in 1897 by a group of Turin students, the club have worn a black and white striped home jersey since 1903 and played their home games in various stadiums around the city, most recently at the 41,507-seat Juventus Stadium. Nicknamed La Vecchia Signora (“The Old Lady”), the club has won 36 official league titles, 14 Italian Cups and 9 Italian Super Cups and is the record holder for all of these competitions. Two World Cups, two European Cups/Champions League, one European Cup Winners’ Cup, three UEFA Cup domestic joint records, two European Super Cups and Intertoto Cup joint domestic records. [6][7] As a result, the team leads the all-time rankings of the Italian Football Federation (FIGC),[c] while at international level the club is in the Sixth in Europe, twelfth in the world,[9] and fourth in the history of the Union of European Football Associations (UEFA), with the highest coefficient score in seven seasons since its inception in 1979, in both cases is the highest among the Italian teams and tied for second in the last citation.

Founded under the name Juventus Sporting Club, originally a sports club,[11] it is the second oldest club of its kind in the country after the Genoa Football Department (1893), and has participated every season since 1900 With the exception of the 2006/07 season, the club’s Serie A (until 1929 when Serie A was reformulated in a different format) has been run by the industrial Agnelli family almost since 1923. [e] The relationship between the club and this dynasty is one of the oldest and longest in national sport, making Juventus one of the country’s premier professional sports clubs, a major force at national level since the 1930s and a major force since the Since 2001, in terms of value, turnover and profit,[15] at the level of the mid-1970s and has been almost stable since the mid-1990s among the ten richest countries in world football,[15 ] Listed on the Italian Stock Exchange since 2001. 16]

Under Giovanni Trapattoni, the club won 13 trophies in the decade before 1986, including six league titles and five international titles, and was the first European club to win a European Cup. Teams in all three season competitions organized by the Federation of Football Associations: 1976-77 UEFA Cup (the first Southern European team to do so), 1983-84 Cup Winners’ Cup and 1984-85 UEFA Champions Club Cup. [17] With back-to-back victories in the 1984 UEFA Super Cup and 1985 Intercontinental Cup, it became the first and only team in the world to date to complete all five historic federation trophies;[18] The 1999 champions reaffirmed the feat. Following another era of success under Marcelo Lippi[19], the UEFA Intertoto Cup is also the only club to win all the first-team awards in a row until 2022. An Italian professional club organized by a national or international football federation. [f] In December 2000, Juventus was ranked the seventh best club in the world in FIFA history[20], and nine years later, according to a series of statistical studies, Juventus was ranked the second best club in Europe in the 20th century Good club International Federation of Football History and Statistics (IFFHS), highest ranking among Italian clubs. [twenty one]

The club’s fan base is the largest in the country and one of the largest in the world. [22][23] Unlike most European sports fan groups, which are usually centered on their club’s city of origin,[24] it has a widespread presence across the country and among the Italian diaspora, making Juventus an anticampanilismo (“anti-parochialism” ) and Italianità (“Italians”).[25][26] Juventus players have won the Ballon d’Or eight times, four of which were in consecutive years (1982-1985, tied for the overall record), including Michele Michel Platini, and three of the five players who received Italian citizenship were the first Serie A players, Omar Sívori and former youth team member Paolo Rossi; they also Won four FIFA World Player of the Year awards, with winners such as Roberto Baggio and Zinedine Zidane setting national records, and finishing third and second respectively in said awards. , the club also provided most of the players for the Italian national team – especially in official competitions, and has done so almost since 1924 – and they often formed the team that led the Azzurri to international success, especially in 1934 , 1982 and 2006 FIFA World Cup

Juventus was founded in late 1897 as the Juventus Sporting Club, which included Eugenio Canfari and Enrico Canfari, by students of the Massimo d’Azeglio Lyceum school in Turin. [28] Two years later, it was renamed Juventus Football Club. [29] The club joined the Italian Football Championship in 1900. On March 11, 1900, Juventus lost 1-0 to Torrines and participated in the Italian Football Championship for the first time.
Juventus won their first league title in the 1905 season

In 1904, businessman Marco Ajmone-Marsan increased Juventus’ finances, allowing the training ground to be moved from Piazza d’Armi to the more appropriate Velodrome Umberto I. During this time, the team wore pink and black jerseys. In 1905, Juventus won the Italian football championship for the first time, playing on the grounds of the Umberto I Velodrome. At this time the club’s colors have changed to black and white stripes, inspired by England’s Notts County team.

In 1906, the club disbanded after some employees considered moving Juventus away from Turin. [29] Club chairman Alfred Dick[g] was unhappy with this and left with some outstanding players to form FBC Torino, which in turn gave birth to Derby De La Moore. [32] Juventus spent most of their time steadily rebuilding after being divided and surviving the First World War.
Union rule (1923-1980)
Trio Magico by Omar Sivoli, John Charles and Giampiero Boniperti, 1957

FIAT vice-president Edoardo Agnelli was elected president of the club in 1923 and a new stadium was inaugurated a year earlier.[29] This helped the club defeat Alba Roma 12-1 on aggregate in the double-leg final in 1925. The -26 season won their second Prima Divisione title. The club has been a major force in Italian football since the 1930s, becoming the country’s first professional club and the first to have a dispersed fan base,[33] thus setting a record for five consecutive Italian football championships , became the core of Italian football Vittorio Pozzo era national football team, including the 1934 World Cup winners, with Raimundo Orsi, Luigi Bertolini, Giovanni Ferrari and Luis Mon Dee and other star players. As of 2022, it is the club with the most FIFA World Cup titles with 27. [36]

Juventus moved to the Stadio Comunale, but for the rest of the 1930s and most of the 1940s they failed to recapture their championship dominance. After World War II, Gianni Agnelli was named president. [29] In the late 1940s and early 1950s, the club added two more titles to its name, winning the Serie A title in 1949-50 under the management of Englishman Jessica Ver, and then in 1957-52 in 1951-52. Another Serie A title triumph in 58, with two new forwards, Welshman John Charles and Italian-Argentinian Omar Sivori, signed to play alongside long-time member Giampiero Boniperti. In the 1959/60 season, Juventus completed their first League Cup double by beating Fiorentina, winning the 1959/60 Serie A and the 1960 Coppa Italia final. Boniperti retired as the club’s all-time top scorer in 1961, scoring 182 goals in all competitions, a club record for 45 years.

For the rest of the decade, the club only won the Serie A title in 1966-67. [31] During the 1970s, Juventus continued to solidify their strong position in Italian football, and under former player Sestmir Vipalek, they won the Serie A title in 1971–72. And prevailed in Serie A from 1972 to 1973, with players such as Roberto Bettega, Franco Causio and Jose Altafini breaking through. They won three more league titles over the next decade, with defender Gaetano Sirea playing a major role. Giovanni Trapattoni enjoyed the last two successes of Serie A, he also led the club to its first ever major European title, the UEFA Cup in 1976/77, and helped the club maintain Flourished until the early 1980s Dominance continued

The Trapattoni era was very successful in the 1980s and the club started the decade well, winning three league titles before 1984. It meant Juventus won 20 Italian league titles and were allowed to add a second gold star to their shirts, becoming the only Italian club to do so. [38] Around this time, the club’s players attracted considerable attention, with Paolo Rossi being named European Footballer of the Year after his contribution to Italy’s win in the 1982 FIFA World Cup and being Named the best player of the tournament. [39]

Frenchman Michel Platini set a record by being named European Footballer of the Year three times in a row – in 1983, 1984 and 1985. [40] Juventus is the first and one of only two club players to receive the award for four consecutive years. [41][h] Platini scored the winning goal against Liverpool in the Euro 1985 final; this was marred by the Heysel Stadium disaster that changed European football. [43] That year, Juventus became the first club in the history of European football to win UEFA’s three major competitions; [44] [45] Following the 1985 Intercontinental Cup, the club also The first and only club in history to win all five possible confederation competitions, an achievement which saw a sixth title in the 1999 UEFA Intertoto Cup. The cup was won.

Aside from winning the grueling Serie A in 1985-86, the rest of the 1980s was not very successful for the club. Milanese clubs AC Milan and Inter not only faced Diego Maradona’s Napoli but also won the Italian title; Juventus won the 1989/90 Coppa Italia and The UEFA Cup final in 1990 achieved a double crown. In 1990, Juventus also moved to a new home, the Stadio delle Alpi built for the 1990 FIFA World Cup. [49] Despite the arrival of Italian star Roberto Baggio later that year to set a world football totals record, the early 1990s were under the leadership of Luigi McFreddie and later Trapattoni against Juventus. It had little effect, only winning the UEFA Cup final in 1993.

He took over as Juventus coach at the start of the 1994/95 Serie A season. His first season at the helm was successful, with Juventus claiming their first Serie A title since the mid-1980s, as well as the 1995 Coppa Italia final. [31] Players of this period included Ciro Ferrara, Roberto Baggio, Gianluca Vialli and the young Alessandro Del Piero. Lippi led Juventus to the Italian Super Cup in 1995 and the UEFA Champions League in 1995/96, beating Ajax on penalties after a 1-1 draw with Fabrizio Ravanelli for Juventus Tus scored. [51]

The club did not take long to rest after winning the European Cup as other highly regarded players were brought in, including Zidane, Filippo Inzaghi and Edgar Davies. At home, Juventus won the Serie A title in the 1996-97 season, successfully defended the Serie A title in the 1997-98 season, won the 1996 UEFA Super Cup[52], and won the 1996 Intercontinental Cup[53]. Juventus reached two consecutive Champions League finals during this period, but lost to Borussia Dortmund in 1997 and Real Madrid in 1998.

After two and a half seasons, Lippi returned to the club in 2001 after his successor Carlo Ancelotti was sacked, signing Buffon, David Trezeguet, Pavel Nedvi Famous players such as De and Lilian Thuram helped the team win the 2001/02 Serie A title, their first since 1998, and were confirmed in the 2002/03 Serie A season. Juventus also participated in the 2003 UEFA Champions League all-Italian final, but lost to Milan on penalties after the match was drawn 0-0. At the end of the following season, Lippi was named head coach of the Italian national team, ending one of the most productive coaching careers in Juventus history. [38] Phonegate scandal (2004–2007)

Fabio Capello was appointed Juventus coach in 2004 and led the club to two consecutive Serie A titles. In May 2006, Juventus became one of five clubs linked to the Calciopoli scandal. In July, Juventus was at the bottom and was relegated to Serie B for the first time in history. The club were also stripped of their 2004/05 Serie A title, while 2005/06 Serie A champions Inter were declared third after receiving a judicial summons. This remains a much-discussed and controversial issue,[59][60][61] especially since it was later revealed that Inter Milan’s involvement, the 2004 champions (the only one under investigation) were considered to be regular rather than fixed [62][63][64]. ] Juventus were acquitted in due process as a club,[65][66] which would have been cleared after they dropped their appeal to Italian civil courts following FIFA’s decision to suspend the Italian Football Confederation (FIGC). club’s reputation and avoid relegation) are at stake. As well as the banning of all Italian clubs from international competitions[67][68][69] and motives such as sentito popolare (people’s feelings)[71] and new special rules for relegation of clubs. [72][73][74] Starting goalkeeper Gianluigi Buffon was one of a group of players who stayed at the club after relegation to Serie B in 2006.

A number of key players have left after relegation to Serie B, including Thuram, star striker Zlatan Ibrahimovic, midfielders Emerson and Patrick Vieira, and defender Fabio Cannava Luo and Gianluca Zambrotta;[75] Other well-known players such as Del Piero, Buffon, Trezeguet, and Nedved, as well as the club’s future defensive core Chiellini Come down to help the club return to Serie A,While youth players such as Sebastian Giovinco and Claudio Marchisio from the youth team have integrated into the first team. 77][78] Juventus won the title of Cadetti (Serie B champions) after starting with a deduction and went straight back to the top flight, after Del Piero was the top scorer in the second division in the 2006/07 season. Won the league title with 21 goals. .[79]

Back in 2010, when the Palazzi report of 2011 implicated many other clubs and held Inter Milan, Livorno and Milan accountable for direct violations of Article 6, Juventus considered revocation of their 2006 The league title was contested and the 2005 title was not awarded, pending the outcome of the Calciopoli trial related to the 2006 scandal. [80] In March 2015, when the Supreme Court partially quashed the criminal court conviction of former general manager Luciano Moggi for the scandal,[81][82] the club sued FIGC for €443 million in damages for the 2006 The loss caused by the annual relegation. Caused. Then-FIGC president Carlo Tavecchio offered to discuss reinstating the lost Scudetti in exchange for Juventus dropping the case. [83]

In September 2015, the Supreme Court released a 150-page document explaining that the final decision in the case was based on the controversial 2006 Sporting Award, which did not take into account the other clubs involved because they could not because of the statute of limitations. to stand trial and is required to request and initiate an annulment of the judgment under section 39 of the Sports Courts Act. Although his remaining statute of limitations charges were overturned without a retrial, the court confirmed that Moggi was actively involved in sports fraud, which Gazzetta dello Sport said was aimed at benefiting Juventus and enhancing his own personal interests. [84] As the Court in Naples im 2012[85][86] commented, the developments and behavior of other clubs and leaders were not thoroughly investigated. [87] After exhausting appeals in Italian courts,[88] Moggi and Giraudos appealed to the European Court of Human Rights in March 2020; Giraudos was adopted in September 2021. [89][90] Juventus went on to file a new appeal,[91] which was ruled inadmissible. [92] Return to Serie A (2007–2011)

After returning to Serie A for the 2007/08 season, Juventus appointed Claudio Ranieri as head coach. They finished third in the top flight in their first season and progressed through qualifying for the third qualifying round of the 2008-09 UEFA Champions League. Juventus reached the group stage, beating Real Madrid home and away before losing to Chelsea in the knockout stages. Ranieri was sacked after a string of unsuccessful results and Ciro Ferrara was provisionally appointed manager for the final two games of the 2008-09 Serie A season and subsequently as Serie A manager for the 2009-10 season. [95]

Ferrara’s tenure as Juventus manager proved fruitless, as Juventus were eliminated from the 2009-10 UEFA Champions League and 2009-10 Coppa Italia, and ended January 2010 in the league standings. Only sixth on the table, leading to Ferrara’s sacking and appointment of Alberto Zaccheroni as keeper to lead the charge. Zaccheroni was unable to help the team progress as Juventus finished seventh in Serie A this season. During the 2010–11 Serie A season, Jean-Claude Blanc was replaced as club president by Andrea Agnelli. Agnelli’s first step is to replace Zaccheroni and sporting director Alessio Seco with Sampdoria boss Luigi Del Neri and sporting director Giuseppe Marotta. Unable to improve his fortunes, Del Neri was sacked and former player and fan favorite Antonio Conte, who had just won promotion at Siena, was named Del Neri’s replacement. In September 2011, Juventus moved to the new Juventus Stadium, known as the Allianz Arena since 2017. [98] Nine consecutive championships (2011–2020)
Playmaker Andrea Pirlo playing for Juventus in 2012

Under Conte’s leadership, Juventus remained unbeaten throughout the 2011-12 Serie A season. In the second half of the season, the team mainly competed with the northern rival Milan for the top spot. Juventus won the title after beating Cagliari 2-0 and losing 4-2 to Inter Milan in the round of 37. Juventus became the first team to go unbeaten in 38 games this season after a 3-1 win over Atalanta on the final matchday. In the 2013-14 Serie A season, Juventus won three consecutive league titles with a record 102 points and 33 victories. The title is 30. The official champion in the club’s history. [102] They also reached the semi-finals of the 2013-14 UEFA Cup, were knocked out at home by ten-man Benfica, and missed the 2014 UEFA Cup final at the Juventus Stadium.
Juventus captain Giorgio Chiellini takes over the 2016/17 Coppa Italia from Italian president Sergio Mattarella

Massimiliano Allegri was appointed as manager of the 2014/15 Serie A season as Juventus won their 31st official title after beating Lazio 2-2 in 2015, Winner for the fourth consecutive year and the Coppa Italia for the tenth time – setting a record scoring double in a Coppa Italia final. The club beat Real Madrid 3-2 on aggregate in the semi-finals of the 2014-15 UEFA Champions League and face Barcelona in the 2015 UEFA Champions League The final was held in Berlin for the first time since the 2002/03 UEFA Champions League. [106] Juventus lost to Barcelona 3-1 in the final. [107] In the 2016 Coppa Italia final, the club won the championship for the 11th year and the second consecutive year, becoming the first team in Italian history to win the Serie A and Coppa Italia double championships for two consecutive seasons.

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