Ball sports club Borussia 09 e. V. Dortmund, commonly known as Borussia Dortmund (German pronunciation: [boˈʁʊsi̯aː ˈdɔɐ̯tmʊnt] (heard)), BVB (pronounced [beːfaʊ̯ˈbeː] (heard)), or simply Borussia Dortmund (pronounced [ˈdɔʁtmʊnt] (heard)), is a German professional sports club based in Dortmund, North Rhine-Westphalia. It is best known for its men’s professional football team, which plays in the Bundesliga, the top league of the German football league system. The club has won 8 league titles, 5 German Cups, 1 UEFA Champions League, 1 Intercontinental Cup and 1 European Cup Winners’ Cup.
Founded in 1909 by 18 footballers from Dortmund, the football team is part of a large members-only sports club with over 145,000 members, making Dortmund FC the second largest sports club in Germany. The club also has an active division in other sports, namely women’s handball. Dortmund have played their home games at the Westfalenstadion since 1974; the stadium is the largest in Germany and Dortmund has the highest average attendance of any football club in the world.
The colors of Borussia Dortmund are black and yellow, which earned the club the nickname Die Schwarzgelben.  They have a long-term rivalry with their neighbors Schalke 04 in the Ruhr area, and they will compete with the Schalke 04 team for Revierderby. You also play classic matches with FC Bayern Munich.
In Deloitte’s annual Football Fortune Rankings, Borussia Dortmund is the second richest sports club in Germany and the 12th richest football team in the world in 2021.  In addition, under the leadership of Michael Zorc in the 2010s, Dortmund has a reputation for identifying and developing young talents and has always focused on developing the youth system.  They were also praised
The club was formed on December 19, 1909 by a group of disaffected young men who were disaffected by the Catholic Church-sponsored Trinity YMCA, who played football under the stern and unrelenting gaze of the local priest. Priest Father de Wald was blocked at the door when he tried to interrupt an organizational meeting in a room of the local pub Zum Wildschütz. Founders are Franz and Paul Braun, Henry Cleve, Hans Debest, Paul Dziendzielle, Franz, Julius and Wilhelm Jacobi, Hans Kahn, Gustav Müller, Franz Risse, Fritz Schulte, Hans Siebold, August Tönnesmann, Heinrich and Robert Unger, and Fritz Weber Franz Winter. The name Borussia is Latin for Prussia, but was adopted by the Borussia beer of the Borussia brewery near Dortmund.  The team began playing in blue and white striped shirts, red belts and black shorts. In 1913 they wore the black and yellow stripes we know today.
Over the next few decades, the club enjoyed only moderate success in the local league. They went bankrupt in 1929 when they tried to increase the club’s fortunes by signing some paid professional footballers, but failed miserably, leaving the team deeply in debt. They survived only through the generosity of a local supporter who paid out of pocket for the team’s backlog.
The 1930s saw the rise of the Third Reich, which reorganized the country’s sport and football organizations to suit the regime’s goals. Borussia’s president was replaced for refusing to join the Nazi party, and some members who secretly used the club’s offices to produce anti-Nazi leaflets were executed in the final days of the war. The club enjoyed greater success at newly formed Gauriga Westphalia, but did not break through until after World War II. During this period Borussia had a fierce rivalry with Schalke 04 from Gelsenkirchen, the most successful team of the era (see the River derby). Like all other organizations in Germany, Borussia was disbanded by the Allied occupation authorities after the war in order to distinguish the country’s institution from its fledgling Nazi past. There was a brief attempt to merge the club with two other clubs – Werksportgemeinschaft Hoesch and Freier Sportverein 98 – as Sportgemeinschaft Borussia von 1898, but as Ballspiel-Verein Borussia (BVB), they made their first appearance in the Landesliga final in 1949, There they lost 2-3 to VfR Mannheim.
first national champion
Borussia Dortmund league performance history chart
Between 1946 and 1963, Dortmund played in La Liga, the first division that dominated German football until the late 1950s. Borussia reached the final in Stuttgart in 1949, where they lost 3-2 after extra time to VfR Mannheim. In 1956, the club won its first national championship with a 4-2 victory over SC Karlsruhe. A year later, Borussia Dortmund won their second national title by beating Hamburg 4-1. After this coup, the Alfredo trio (Alfred Preißler, Alfred Kelbassa and Alfred Niepieklo) became legends in Dortmund. In 1963, Dortmund won the last German Football Championship (before the introduction of the new Bundesliga), securing their third national title.
In 1962, the German Football Association held a meeting in Dortmund and voted to establish a professional league in Germany, which was listed in the form of the Bundesliga in August 1963. Borussia Dortmund won the previous Bundesliga title and finished in the top 16 of the league. Vice-champion 1. FC Köln also gets a spot automatically. Borussia Dortmund’s Friedheim Koniecka scored the first Bundesliga goal of the game as they lost 3-2 to Werder Bremen.
In 1965, Dortmund won the first DFB Cup. In 1966, Borussia Dortmund won the European Cup Winners’ Cup by beating Liverpool 2-1 in extra time thanks to goals from Siegfried Herder and Reinhard Libda. That same year, however, the team lost four of their last five league games and finished runners-up, three points behind champions 1860 Munich, thus relinquishing their dominance at the top of the Bundesliga. Ironically, much of the success of 1860 Munich can be attributed to the quality of Koniecka, who recently joined from Borussia Dortmund.
The 1970s were marked by financial problems, relegation from the Bundesliga in 1972 and the opening of the Westfalenstadion, named after their home ground, Westphalia, in 1974. In 1976, the club returned to the Bundesliga.
Throughout the 1980s, Dortmund continued to struggle financially. In 1986, after finishing the regular season in 16th place, Dortmund avoided relegation by winning their third crucial playoff game against Fortuna Cologne. Dortmund had no further success until a 4-1 win over Werder Bremen in the DFB Cup in 1989. It was Horst Koppel’s first trophy as head coach. Dortmund then won the 1989 DFL Super Cup by beating rivals Bayern Munich 4-3.
As well as finishing fourth in the Bundesliga, Dortmund reached the 1993 UEFA Cup final, losing 6-1 on aggregate to Juventus. Despite this, Borussia received DM 25 million as part of the German Cup participants’ prize pool system in effect at the time. The box office hit and Dortmund were able to sign players who would go on to win them numerous honors in the 1990s.
Borussia Dortmund won the Bundesliga title in 1995 and 1996 under European Footballer of the Year Matthias Summer in 1996. Dortmund also won the DFL Supercup against Borussia Monchengladbach in 1995 and 1. FC Kaiserslautern in 1996.
In the 1996/97 season, the team reached the European Cup final for the first time. Borussia Dortmund played a memorable game against defending champions Juventus at the Olympiastadion in Munich. Karl-Heinz Riedel put Dortmund ahead behind goalkeeper Angelo Peruzzi after Paul Lambert crossed in. Riddle then tied the pair with a ball header from the corner. In the second half, Del Piero pulled a goal back for Juventus with his heel. Then 20-year-old substitute and local hero Lars Ricken took a through ball from Andreas Müller. Just 16 seconds after Rickon came on, Peruzzi hit the Juventus goal with his first touch from more than 20 meters away. With Zinedine Zidane unable to impress for Juventus under tight cover from Lambert, Dortmund lifted the trophy with a 3-1 victory.
Dortmund then became World Club Champions by beating Brazilian club Cruzeiro 2-0 in the 1997 Intercontinental Cup final. Borussia Dortmund is the second German club to win the Intercontinental Cup after Bayern Munich in 1976. 
As the defending champions, Dortmund reached the semi-finals of the Champions League in 1998. Since the start of the season against Real Madrid in the 1998 semi-final, the team has been without key players. Summer’s career was cut short by injury and he has made just three first-team appearances since winning the Champions League. Lambert left in November to play again in Scotland. Müller missed the first leg, as did Kohler, who both ended in draws. Real Madrid won the first leg 2-0 at home. Dortmund played better in the second leg but didn’t take their chances. Dortmund lead 2-0 overall. 
21st Century and Borussia “listed”
Dortmund in 2007
In October 2000, Dortmund became the first listed club to go public. 
In 2002, Borussia Dortmund won the Bundesliga title for the third time. Dortmund had a remarkable late-season finish, overtaking Bayer Leverkusen and claiming the title on the final day. Coach Mathias Summer became the first person in Borussia Dortmund’s history to win the Bundesliga as a player and as a coach.  In the same season, Borussia lost to the Dutch club Feyenoord in the 2001/02 UEFA Cup final.
Dortmund’s fortunes declined steadily over the ensuing years. Financial mismanagement led to a heavy debt load and the sale of the Westfalenstadion grounds. Failure to qualify for the Champions League in 2003-04 exacerbated the situation when the team were knocked out on penalties by Club Brugge in qualifying. In 2003, Bayern Munich loaned Dortmund €2 million for several months to cover their salaries. Borussia was once again pushed to the brink of bankruptcy in 2005 after the original value of the 11-euro shares on the Frankfurt Stock Exchange plummeted by more than 80%.
At that time, Hans-Joachim Watzke was appointed managing director and the association was streamlined. The response to the crisis included a 20% pay cut for all players.  In 2006, in order to reduce debt, Westfalenstadion was renamed Signal Iduna Park Stadium in the name of a local insurance company. The naming rights agreement runs until 2021.
Dortmund got off to a dismal start to the 2005/06 season, but bounced back to finish seventh. The club failed to qualify for the UEFA Cup through a fair play draw. The club management recently stated that the club is profitable again; this is mainly related to the sale of David Odonkor to Real Betis and Tomáš Rosický to Arsenal.
In the 2006/07 season, Borussia Dortmund unexpectedly faced serious relegation problems for the first time in many years. On March 13, 2007, Dortmund changed three managers and signed Thomas Doll just one point above the relegation zone. Christoph Metzelder has also left Dortmund on a free transfer.
In the 2009-10 season, Klopp’s Dortmund improved this season, finishing fifth in the Bundesliga and qualifying for the Europa League. The team missed out on Champions League qualification by failing to beat eighth-placed Wolfsburg and 14th-placed Freiburg in their final two games of the season.
At the beginning of the 2010/11 season, Dortmund formed a young and dynamic team. On 4 December 2010 Borussia became Herbstmeister, an unofficial award for the league leaders during the winter break. They played three games before the break and share the record for being the first to do so with Eintracht Frankfurt (1993–94) and 1. Kaiserslautern (1997–98). On 30 April 2011, the club beat 1. FC Nürnberg 2-0 at home, while runners-up Bayer Leverkusen lost and Dortmund led by eight points from two games. The title equaled rivals Schalke 04’s seven domestic titles and secured a place in the 2011-12 UEFA Champions League group stage.
A year later, Borussia Dortmund defeated Borussia Monchengladbach in the 32nd round and defended their Bundesliga title again. On the 34th and final day of competition, Dortmund set a new club record for most points scored in a Bundesliga season – 81 points. This figure was surpassed by Bayern Munich’s 91 points the following season.  The club’s eighth title ranks third in the domestic championship, and players now wear two stars above their jersey badges in recognition of the team’s five Bundesliga titles. Notable names on the list of winners include Lucas Barrios, Mario Gotze, Nevin Subotic, Mats Hummels, Robert Lewandowski, Shinji Kagawa, Lukas Pischek, Jakub Blaszczykowski, Kevin Groskreutz, Ivan Perisic and Ilkay Gundogan. The club capped off a successful 2011/12 season by beating Bayern 5-2 in the DFB Cup final to win their first double. Along with Bayern Munich, 1. Cologne and Werder Bremen, Borussia Dortmund is one of four German clubs to win the Bundesliga and DFB-Pokal double.  At the 2011 Player of the Year Awards Ceremony, the club was named the 2011 Team of the Year.
Borussia Dortmund fans at Wembley Stadium during the 2013 UEFA Champions League Final
Borussia Dortmund finished the 2012/13 season in second place in the Bundesliga. Dortmund played their first all-German club final against Bayern Munich at Wembley Stadium on 25 May 2013, their second UEFA Champions League final, which they lost 2-1 Contest.
In the 2013/14 season, Dortmund defeated their rival Bayern Munich 4-2 and won the 2013 Bundesliga Super Cup. The 2013/14 season started with a five-game winning streak for Dortmund, their best start to the season. However, despite a promising start, their season was hampered by injuries to several key players, sending them down to fourth in the table, only to reach the quarter-finals of the Champions League on a worn out basis , lost 3 games. –2 aggregate loss to Real Madrid. Despite this, Dortmund ended their season on a high note, finishing runners-up in the Bundesliga and reaching the 2014 DFB-Pokal final, where they lost 2-0 to Bayern in extra time. They then started their 2014-15 campaign by beating Bayern 2-0 in the 2014 DFB Supercup. However, this victory was not enough to motivate the team to start next season with a strong performance, as Dortmund suffered various results such as a 1-0 loss to Hamburger SV and two 2-2 draws with VfB Stuttgart and new Bundesliga signing Par De Born 07. Dortmund dropped to the bottom of the table on several occasions over the winter but were out of the relegation zone in February after four straight wins.  On April 15, 2015, Jurgen Klopp announced that he would leave Dortmund after seven years of effectiveness.  Four days later, Dortmund announced that Thomas Tuchel would succeed Klopp at the end of the season. However, Klopp’s last season ended on a high note as he climbed up the table to finish seventh after relegation as Wolfsburg won the DFB Cup final and qualified for the 2015/16 Europa League.
post klopp era
Dortmund got off to a strong start to the 2015/16 season, beating Borussia Mönchengladbach 4-0 on opening day, before a five-game winning streak lifted them to the top of the Bundesliga. After the eighth matchday, they were overtaken by Bayern Munich after an unfortunate draw with 1899 Hoffenheim.   Dortmund was able to maintain its state, with 24 wins in 34 league games, becoming the best runner-up in Bundesliga history . In the Europa League, they reached the quarter-finals and were beaten by Jurgen Klopp’s Liverpool in a dramatic comeback at Anfield, with defender Dejan Lovren scoring a late goal , to tie the score, the Reds lost 4-3, 5. 4 in total In the 2015/16 DFB-Pokal, Dortmund reached the final for the third consecutive year, but lost to Bayern Munich on penalties.
On April 11, 2017, three explosions occurred near the team’s bus for the UEFA Champions League match against Monaco at the Signal Iduna Park. Defender Marc Bartra was injured and taken to hospital.  Dortmund lost 2-3 to Monaco. Borussia Dortmund coach Thomas Tuchel blamed UEFA’s ignorant decision for the defeat. UEFA further stated that the team had no objection to the match and that the decision was taken based on the opinions of the clubs and local law enforcement.  In the second round, Dortmund lost 1-3, with a total score of 3-6, and was eliminated by the Champions League that year. Dortmund beat Bayern Munich 3-2 in Munich on 26 April to advance to the 2017 DFB-Pokal final, their fourth consecutive final and fifth in six seasons. On 27 May, Dortmund beat Eintracht Frankfurt 2–1 in the 2016–17 DFB-Pokal, a penalty scored by Pierre-Emerick Aubameyang as the winner.
Thomas Tuchel resigned as coach ahead of the 2017/18 season. Borussia Dortmund’s board has chosen Peter Boss as its new manager and head coach. Despite a record-breaking start in the team’s first seven games, Bosch was 20 winless before being relieved of his baton role.  Peter Stöger was announced as interim coach.  In the January transfer window of the same season, Aubameyang and Bartra both left the team. Stöger acquired Manuel Akanji from FC Basel for €21.5m and Michy Batshuayi from Chelsea for six months.  Stoger coached Dortmund for the remainder of the season, helping them finish fourth in the Bundesliga before retiring at the end of the season. Mitch Batshuayi has also returned to Chelsea.
In the summer of 2018, Dortmund appointed former OGC Nice coach Lucien Favre as their manager/head coach. After a very busy transfer window that saw eight new players join the club’s first team, Dortmund were strong, chasing Bayern Munich until the final game, narrowly missing the league title by two points and Lucien Favre’s Contract extension. Around the same season, a four-part Amazon Prime Video documentary series titled “Inside Borussia Dortmund” was produced.
Dortmund have made some big-name signings in their bid to win the Bundesliga next season. Although they won the DFL Super Cup, it was their only award of the season. After a rocky first half of the season, they changed tactics and made more transfers in the January transfer window. They were eliminated in both the DFB Cup and the UEFA Champions League. The season came to an abrupt end due to the COVID-19 pandemic in Germany. Borussia Dortmund looked better after the restart, but their form was not enough to prevent Bayern Munich from claiming the Bundesliga title. They ended the 2019/20 season in second place after beating RB Leipzig on round 33, thanks to a brace from Erling Haaland.
Dortmund have had a rather inconsistent start to the 2020/21 season. They lost the Bundesliga Supercup and had mixed results in the Champions League and Bundesliga. Lucien Favre was relieved of his coaching duties after a 5-1 defeat to VfB Stuttgart in the 11th round. Assistant manager Edin Terzić has been assigned as caretaker for the remainder of the season. Under Terzic’s leadership, Dortmund finished third on the final matchday of the Bundesliga and were eliminated by Manchester City in the Champions League quarter-finals. The team then defeated Leipzig Red Bull 4-1 in the German Cup final to win the German Cup. Mark Rose was appointed as the head coach for the 2021-22 season, and Terzic was appointed as the club’s new technical director.