Bayern Munich Football Club e. V. (FCB, pronounced [ˈfuːsbalˌklʊp ˈbaɪɐn ˈmʏnçn̩] (listen)), also known as Bayern Munich (pronounced [ˌɛft͡seː ˈbaɪɐn] (listen)), Bayern Munich or simply Bayern, is a football club based in German professional sports club in Munich, Bavaria. It is best known for its men’s professional football team, which plays in the Bundesliga, the top league of the German football league system. Bayern Munich is the most successful club in German football history with a record 32 national titles, including 10 in a row since 2013, 20 Nations Cups, and numerous European honours.
FC Bayern Munich was founded in 1900 by 11 football players led by Franz John.  Although Bayern won their first national championship in 1932, the club was not selected for the Bundesliga when it was founded in 1963. The club achieved its greatest success in the mid-1970s, when under Franz Beckenbauer they won three consecutive European Championships (1974-1976). Bayern has won the UEFA Champions League/UEFA Champions League six times in total (a German record) and won the treble for the sixth time in the 2020 final, after which Bayern became the second European club to achieve the feat twice. Bayern have also won a UEFA Cup, a UEFA Cup Winners’ Cup, two UEFA Super Cups, two FIFA Club World Cups and two Intercontinental Cups, making them one of the most internationally successful European clubs and the only A German club title with two international titles. Bayern players have won five Ballon d’Ors, two FIFA Men’s Player of the Year awards, four European Golden Boots and three UEFA Player of the Year awards, including UEFA Club Footballer of the Year.
By winning the 2020 FIFA Club World Cup, Bayern Munich became the second club to achieve the “Six Crowns” (league, cup and Champions League titles in one season, followed by the domestic Super Cup, UEFA Super Cup and Club World Cup) won next season) or all trophies the club has fought for in a given calendar year. Bayern Munich are one of five clubs to have won all three of UEFA’s major club competitions and the only German club to do so. As of May 2022, Bayern Munich will be number one in the UEFA club rankings. The club maintains a traditional local rivalry with 1860 Munich and 1. FC Nuremberg and since the mid-1990s with Borussia Dortmund.
FC Bayern have played their home games at the Allianz Arena since the start of the 2005/06 season. The team had previously played at the Olympiastadion in Munich for 33 years. The club colors are red and white, with the white and blue Bavarian flag on the crest. Bayern Munich is the largest sports club in Germany in terms of revenue, with a value of 634.1 million euros in 2021, making it the third highest-grossing football club in the world after Barcelona and Real Madrid.  In November 2019, Bayern officially had 293,000 official members, 4,499 officially registered fan clubs, and more than 350,000 members. The club has chess, handball, basketball, gymnastics, bowling, table tennis, advanced football and other departments, with more than 1,100 members
FC Bayern Munich was founded by members of the Munich Gymnastics Club (MTV 1879). On 27 February 1900, when the plenary meeting of MTV 1879 decided that the club’s footballers should not be admitted to the German Football Association (DFB), 11 members of the football department left the community and founded the Bavarian Football Club in Munich that night. Within a few months, Bayern defeated all local opponents, including a 15-0 victory over FC Nordstern, and reached the semi-finals of the 1900/01 South German Championship.  Over the next few years, the club won a number of local trophies and in the 1910/11 season Bayern joined the newly formed “Kreisliga”, the first Bavarian regional league. The club won the league title in its first year, but did not win it again until the outbreak of World War I in 1914, which brought all football activity in Germany to a halt. At the end of its first decade, FC Bayern brought in its first German national team player, Max Gabel Gablonski.  By 1920, it had over 700 members, making it the largest football club in Munich. 
In the postwar years, Bavaria won a number of regional competitions before winning their first South German title in 1926, an achievement they repeated two years later. His first national title came in 1932 when coach Richard “Little Dobby” Cohen led the team to a 2-0 win over Eintracht Frankfurt in the final to win the German Championship.
After Adolf Hitler came to power, Bavaria’s development came to an abrupt halt. Club president Kurt Randall and the coach, both Jewish, had left the country. Many others in the club were also purged. Bayern was derided as a “Jewish club”, while local rivals 1860 Munich had a lot of support. Josef Sauter, who took office in 1943, is the only NSDAP member to serve as president. Discrimination against the club continued after some Bayern players greeted spectator Landauer after a friendly in Switzerland.  FC Bayern were also affected by the ruling that footballers had to become complete amateurs again, which led to the relocation of talented young center forward Oscar Roll to Switzerland. In the following years, Bayern failed to maintain the status of championship contenders, but achieved mid-range results in the regional league.
After the end of World War II in 1945, Bayern became a member of the then five-part Suedeliga (the Southern League of German Bundesliga teams). Bayern struggled, hiring and firing 13 coaches between 1945 and 1963. Landauer returned from exile in 1947 and was reappointed president of the club, a term he held until 1951. He remains the club president with the longest cumulative tenure. Landauer is considered the inventor of FC Bayern as a professional club and his memory is enshrined in Bayern Ultras Schickeria.  In 1955 the club was relegated, but returned to the Bundesliga the following season and won the DFB-Pokal for the first time with a 1-0 victory over Fortuna Düsseldorf in the final.
However, the club ran into financial difficulties and was on the verge of bankruptcy in the late 1950s. Factory president Reitlinger, who was later convicted of financial irregularities, was dismissed by industrialist Roland Enderle in the 1958 elections. He ensured the financial stability of the club. Under his rule, FC Bayern enjoyed their best years in the Oberliga.  Endler did not run again in 1962, when he was replaced by the wealthy William Neudeckel in the postwar construction boom.
In 1963, Germany’s upper leagues merged into the national league, the Bundesliga. Five teams from the Oberliga Süd were admitted. The decisive factor for Bundesliga qualification is the cumulative record of the past twelve years, in which Bayern only finished sixth. On top of that, local rivals TSV 1860 Munich finished seventh in the last Oberliga-Süd season and were first-choice due to their performance.   After Bayern’s initial protests over alleged mistreatment were unsuccessful, president Nordeker took up the challenge and signed Zlatko Chaikovski, who led Cologne to victory. 1962 state champion. With a team of young talents such as Franz Beckenbauer, Gerd Müller and Sepp Meyer – later collectively known as the Axis – they succeeded in promotion to the Bundesliga in 1965.
In the 2007/08 season, Bayern made drastic changes to the lineup to help rebuild. In total, they signed eight new players and sold, released or loaned nine more.  Among the newcomers are 2006 World Cup stars such as Franck Ribery, Miroslav Klose and Luca Toni. Bayern has won the Bundesliga convincingly, topping the table every gameweek and taking on Borussia Dortmund in the DFB-Pokal. 
After the season, longtime Bayern goalkeeper Oliver Kahn retired, leaving the club without a top goalkeeper for several seasons. Club head coach Ottmar Hitzfeld also retired and Jurgen Klinsmann was chosen as his successor.  However, Klinsmann was sacked before the end of his first season as Bayern fell behind Wolfsburg in the league and lost to Bayer Lever in the DFB-Pokal quarter-finals. Cousen, who looked foolish against Barcelona in the Champions League quarter-finals, scored four goals in the first-half first leg and Bayern looked out of control in both games. Jupp Heynckes was appointed caretaker manager and led the club to second place in the table.  Bayern Munich will face Bayer Leverkusen in the Bundesliga in September 2011
In the 2009/10 season, Bayern hired Dutch coach Van Gaal, and Dutch striker Arjen Robben joined Bayern. Together, Robben and Ribéry shaped Bayern’s attacking style on the flanks for the next decade. The media was quick to dub the duo “The Heist”. Additionally, David Alaba and Thomas Muller were promoted to the first team. Regarding Müller, Van Gaal even said: “Müller always plays with me”, which has become an oft-quoted phrase over the years.  Bayern Football Club ushered in their most successful season since 2001, won the home double crown, and only lost 2-0 to Inter Milan in the Champions League final.  Despite the success of the 2009/10 season, Van Gaal was fired in April 2011, when Bayern fell behind in the league and were again eliminated by Inter Milan in the Champions League round of 16. Van Gaal’s deputy, Andries Jonker, took over and finished the season in third. 
Jupp Heynckes returned for his second permanent term in 2011-12. Bayern are still without a title for the second consecutive season despite the club’s signing of Manuel Neuer, ending Bayern’s efforts to find suitable replacements for Kahn and Jerome Boateng this season, Second only to Borussia Dortmund in the league and cup. The Champions League final was held at Allianz, and although Bayern reached the final at home, they lost to Chelsea on penalties.  FC Bayern signed Javi Martínez for the 2012/13 season. After Bayern won the runner-up in all competitions in the 2011/12 season, they won the championship in all competitions in the 2012/13 season, creating multiple Bundesliga records and becoming the first German team to win the Triple Crown. Bayern finished the Bundesliga with 91 points, 11 shy of a perfect season and still on track for their best season ever. In Bayern’s third Champions League final in four years, they beat Borussia Dortmund 2-1.  A week later, they completed the treble by defeating VfB Stuttgart in the DFB Cup final.  During the season, in January, Bayern had announced that they would sign Pep Guardiola as coach for the 2013/14 season. The club initially described this as Heynke’s resignation at the end of his contract, but Uli Hoeness later admitted it was not Heynke’s decision to leave Bayern at the end of the season. In fact, it was forced by the club’s desire to appoint Guardiola.