Associazione Calcio Milan (Italian pronunciation: [assotʃatˈtsjoːne ˈkaltʃo ˈmiːlan]), commonly known as AC Milan (Italian pronunciation: [a ˈtʃi ˈmiːlan]) or simply Milan (Italian pronunciation: [miːlan]), is a Milan-based Professional football club, Italy, founded in 1899. The club has spent its entire history in the top division of Italian football, except for the 1980-81 and 1982-83 seasons, known since the 1929-30 season For Serie A.
AC Milan‘s 18 FIFA and UEFA trophies are the fourth highest among all clubs (tied with Boca Juniors [No.1]) and the most of any Italian club.  Milan has a combined record of 3 World Cups and 1 FIFA Club World Cup, 7 European Cup/Champions League titles (an Italian record), UEFA Super Cup, The total record of 5 times and the winner of the Cup has won twice.  With 19 league titles, Milan is the second most successful club in Serie A, behind local rivals Inter Milan (also 19 league titles) and Juventus (36 league titles).  They also won five Italian Cups and seven Italian Super Cups. 
Milan’s home games are played at the San Siro, also known as the Giuseppe Meazza Stadium. Built in 1926 by Milan’s second president, Piero Pirelli, and shared with cross-city rivals Inter Milan since 1947, it is the largest stadium in Italian football, with a total capacity of 75,923.  They have a long-standing rivalry with Inter Milan, with whom they played the Madonna Derby, one of the busiest derbies in football. 
The club is one of the richest clubs in Italy and the world of football.  It was a founding member of the now-defunct G-14 group of Europe’s leading football clubs, and a founding member of its successor, the European Club Association.
AC Milan was founded in 1899 by British immigrant Herbert Kilpin as the Football and Cricket Club of Milan.  The club gives 16 December of that year as its founding date, however historical evidence seems to indicate that the club was actually founded a few days earlier, most likely on 13 December.  However, the exact date is still up for debate as the club’s charter is lost.
In honor of its British heritage, the club retained the English spelling of the city name, rather than the Italian spelling Milano which was forced to use under the fascist regime. Milan won its first Italian title in 1901, breaking Genoa’s three-year dominance and winning back-to-back titles in 1906 and 1907.  The club proved successful during its first decade of existence, winning several important trophies, including the triple Medaglia del Re, the Palla Dapples 23 times and five FGNI Championships, It is a competition organized by the Italian Gymnastics Federation but not officially sanctioned by the Italian Football Federation. [twenty three] AC Milan celebrate after winning the 1968 European Cup Winners’ Cup final
In 1908, Milan split due to internal disagreements over foreign aid, leading to the establishment of another Milan-based team, FC Internazionale Milano. After these events, Milan did not win a single national championship until 1950–51, with only two matches in the Federation Cup in 1915–16 and the Mauro Cup in 1917–18 representing some Exceptions World War I, especially the former, while not officially recognized by the Italian Confederation, attracted a lot of attention and proved extremely competitive.
Return victories and international confirmation (1950-1970)
In the 1950s, the club returned to the top of Italian football under the leadership of the famous Swedish Gre-No-Li trio of Gunnar Gren, Gunnar Nordahl and Nils Liedholm. This was one of the club’s most successful periods domestically, with the Serie A champions coming to Milan in 1951, 1955, 1957 and 1959. This decade also saw Milan’s first successes in Europe, winning the Latin Cup in 1951 and 1956. Milan were also the first Italian club to participate in the newly formed European Cup in 1955/56, reaching the final two years later when they lost to Real Madrid.
The 1960s began with the debut of Milan legend Gianni Rivera in 1960: for the next 19 seasons, he would remain at the club for the remainder of his career. In 1961, Nereo Rocco was appointed as the club’s new manager and under his leadership he won the league on his first attempt in the 1961/62 season before beating Benfica in the final After the team, Milan won the European Champions Cup for the first time in the following season. It was successful again in 1969, beating Ajax 4-1 in the final and winning the Intercontinental Cup in the same year. During this period, Milan also won their first Coppa Italia, beating Padua in the 1967 final, and two European Cup Winners’ Cups: 1967-68 and 1972-73.
10. Champions and decline (1970–1986)
Domestically, the 1970s were marked by the fight for a 10th Serie A title, with the champion winning the league. For three consecutive years in 1971, 1972 and 1973, Milan finished second in the league after some memorable encounters with Inter Milan and Juventus. Finally, the feat was achieved in 1979. That same year, Gianni Rivera retired and Franco Baresi made his club debut in his first full season. After this success, the team entered a period of decline. The club was embroiled in the Totonello scandal in 1980 and, as punishment, was relegated to Serie B for the first time in history.  The scandal centered on a betting syndicate that paid players and officials to set the outcome of games.  Milan made their first attempt at promotion to Serie A and won Serie B in the 1980-81 season, but were relegated again a year later when the team finished third from the bottom in the 1981-82 season. In 1983, Milan won the second division title for the second time in three seasons, and returned to Serie A in the 1983-84 season and finished sixth.
Berlusconi’s Property and International Fame (1986-2012)
Tassotti (left) lifts the UEFA Champions League trophy with Capello after Milan won the 1993/94 season
On February 20, 1986, entrepreneur Silvio Berlusconi (who owns Fininvest and Mediaset) bought the club and rescued it from bankruptcy after spending huge sums, appointing a rising manager Arrigo Sacchi is in charge of the Rossoneri and has signed Dutch internationals Luther Gullit, Marco van Basten and Frank Rijkaard.  The Dutch trio added attacking momentum to the team, with the club’s Italian internationals Paolo Maldini, Franco Baresi, Alessandro Costacurta and Roberto Doro Nadoni complements each other. Under Sacchi, Milan won their first league title in nine years in the 1987/88 season. The following year, the club won their first European Cup for 20 years by beating Romanian club Steaua Bucureşti 4-0 in the final. A year later, Milan beat Benfica 1-0 to retain their titles, becoming the last team to do so back-to-back in 2017. 1988-1990 The Milan team, nicknamed the “Immortals” in the Italian media, was voted the best club team of all time in a global expert poll by World Football magazine. 
After Sacchi left Milan in 1991, he was replaced by former club player Fabio Capello, whose team won three consecutive Serie A titles between 1992 and 1994, including a 58-game unbeaten run in Serie A. won the label). “Invincible”),, and reached consecutive UEFA Champions League finals in 1993, 1994 and 1995. A year after losing 1-0 to Marseille in the 1993 UEFA Champions League final, Capello’s side culminated in one of the most memorable Milan games of all time, the famous 1994 UEFA Champions League final. 4-0 victory over Barcelona.  Before coaching Real Madrid in 1996, Capello’s team won the league title in the 1995/96 season. In 1998-99, after two years of decline, Milan won their 16th title in the club’s centenary season.
Milan captain Paolo Maldini won the UEFA Champions League after winning the 2002/03 UEFA Champions League
Milan celebrate winning the 2006/07 UEFA Champions League
Milan’s next successful period came under another former player, Carlo Ancelotti. After taking charge in November 2001, Ancelotti guided Milan to the 2003 UEFA Champions League final, where they beat Juventus on penalties to win the club’s sixth European Cup.  The team won the 2003/04 league title before reaching the 2005 UEFA Champions League final, although they led 3-0 at half-time but were defeated by Liverpool on penalties. Two years later, the two teams met again in the 2007 Champions League final, with Milan winning 2-1 to claim their seventh title. The team went on to win their first FIFA Club World Cup title in December 2007.  Ancelotti left the club in 2009 as assistant coach to take over as Chelsea manager after becoming Milan’s second-longest tenure under the supervision of 420 games.
During this period, the club was embroiled in the Calciopoli scandal, in which five teams were accused of fixing matches by choosing favorable referees.  A police investigation ruled out any involvement by the Milan manager; the Italian Football Federation (FIGC) unilaterally ruled that it had sufficient evidence to prosecute Milan vice-president Adriano Galliani. As a result, Milan were initially deducted 15 points and banned from the 2006-07 UEFA Champions League. The appeal reduced the penalty to 8 points, allowing the club to retain their qualification for the Champions League.
After Calciopoli, the local rival Inter Milan dominated Serie A and won four Serie A championships. Many veterans of the club’s European success joined in the mid-decade, aided by a strong squad that included the likes of Zlatan Ibrahimovic, Robinho and Aleksandar Pato. Milan regained the league title in Serie A in 2010-11, their first title since 2003-04, finishing 18th overall.
After their 18th league title, the club fell out of power. Milan have failed to qualify for European competition for many years and the only trophy they have won was the 2016 Italian Super Cup, won by Vincenzo Montella’s coach after beating Juventus on penalties.
On August 5, 2016, Fininvest signed a new preliminary agreement with China-Europe Sports Investment Management Changxing Co., Ltd., a Chinese investment management company. Fininvest sold 99.93% of Milan’s shares to it at a price of approximately 520 million euros, as well as the restructuring of the club’s finances. The amount of debt is EUR 220 million.  On 13 April 2017, the transaction was completed and Rossoneri Sport Investment Lux became the club’s new direct parent company.  To complete the deal, US hedge fund Elliott Management provided Lee with a EUR 303 million loan (EUR 180 million to complete the payment to Fininvest and EUR 123 million directly to the club).  On July 10, 2018, Mr. Li defaulted on the repayment schedule and failed to pay the 32 million euro installment on time to refinance the 303 million euro debt owed to the US hedge fund. Therefore, in July 2018, Chairman Li Yonghong’s investment vehicle Rossoneri Champion Inv. Lux. was removed as a shareholder of Rossoneri Sport Inv. The club’s immediate parent company, Lux., made the investment vehicle, in which Elliott Management Corporation has majority control, the sole shareholder of Rossoneri Sport Inv. Luxury
On November 27, 2017, Montella was fired due to poor performance and replaced by former player Gattuso. After finishing sixth in Serie A in the 2017/18 season, Milan qualified for the 2018/19 Europa League group stage, but was sent out of the European competition by UEFA for failing to break even. ] Milan appealed to the Court of Arbitration for Sport, which was dismissed on 20 July 2018. 
In Gattuso’s first full season in charge, Milan exceeded expectations and finished in the top 4 for most of the season. Despite victories in the last 4 games, Milan missed the Champions League by one point. Gattuso resigned as coach after Milan failed to qualify for the Champions League.  On June 19, 2019, Milan signed a two-year contract with former Sampdoria coach Marco Giampaolo. On June 28, 2019, Milan were banned from participating in the 2019-20 Europa League for breaching Financial Fair Play regulations in 2014-2017 and 2015-2018. 
Rossoneri fans celebrate the 2021-22 Serie A victory in Piazza Duomo in Milan
Recent History (2019-present)
Four months into his tenure, Giampaolo was sacked after losing four of his first seven games, worsened by poor performances and a lack of confidence from fans. Stefano Pioli was named as his successor.  After restarting the Serie A season due to the COVID-19 outbreak, Milan are unbeaten in 10 games, winning seven, including games against Juventus, Lazio and Roma. The winning streak led Milan to abandon plans to hire Ralf Rangnick as their new head coach and sporting director, instead extending Pioli’s contract for another two years. After a good start to the 2020/21 Serie A season, which continued in the second half of last season, Milan ranked second in the league in Pioli’s first full season, which is the team’s first since Serie A 2011/12. The result sees Milan qualify for next season’s 2021-22 UEFA Champions League, which will be their first appearance in the UEFA Champions League in seven years since they last played in 2013-14.
Milan won their 19th Italian league title with a club-record 86 points in the final round of the 2021/22 season. It was their first league title since the 2010/11 season. At the Serie A awards ceremony, Rafael Leon was named the most valuable player of La Liga, Mike Maignan was named the best goalkeeper and Pioli was named the best manager of the season. On June 1, 2022, RedBird Capital Partners agreed to acquire AC Milan for $1.3 billion, while Elliott Management Corporation will retain a minority stake.
colors and markings
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From the early days until the mid-1940s, the city of Milan’s coat of arms was the club crest worn on match jerseys.
Red and black are the colors that represent the entire history of the club. They were chosen by its founder, Herbert Kilpin, to represent the fiery desire of the players (red) and the fear of opponents (black) to challenge the team. The team’s popular nickname, Rossoneri, literally means “Red and Black Legion” in Italian, referring to the color of the stripes on his jersey.
Another nickname derived from the club’s colors is the Devil. At one point, the image of the Red Devils was used as the Milan logo, alongside a gold star representing sporting excellence.  As is customary in Italian football, the star above the logo was awarded to the club after winning 10 league titles in 1979. The official Milan logo always shows the flag of Milan, which was originally the flag of St Ambrose.  Along the red and black stripes. The modern coat of arms in use today depicts the club’s colors and the flag of the Comune di Milano, with the acronym ACM at the top and the year of foundation (1899) at the bottom. As for the badge on the game jersey, from the early days until the mid-40s it was just the flag of Milan. No club logos have been displayed for decades, save for the Devils logo in the early 1980s. The club crest appeared on game jerseys in its largely unchanged form during the 1995/96 season.
Since its inception, AC Milan’s home kit has consisted of a red and black striped jersey paired with white shorts and black socks; only the cyclical changes in fashion have had an impact on the pattern over the decades, which has barely changed to this day. In the first decade of the 20th century, the Rossoneri’s first piece of equipment was a simple silk shirt featuring pinstripes with the city of Milan’s coat of arms sewn into the heart. Beginning in the 1910s, stripes were amplified in a pattern that remained unchanged until the late 1950s. The 1960s marked a return to basics, with the use of pinstripes. This style continued until the 1985/86 season, with a brief interlude from 1980 to 1982 when the stripes were reverted to a medium size. One notable innovation occurred during this period. Between the 1979-1980 and 1980-1981 seasons, the AC Milan shirt set an important record by adding a player’s surname to the number for the first time in Italian football. 
From the 1986/87 season, at the suggestion of the club’s new owner Silvio Berlusconi, the stripes returned to medium size, and the color of the socks was changed to white, using the same color as the shorts. In this way, Berlusconi aims to give the players a more elegant look and make the jersey more recognizable when shown on TV as red and black, whereas the pinstriped jersey may appear all red on remote and TV Or the brown jersey. This style continued until 1998. Starting from the 1998/99 season, the design of the jersey has been revised every year.
Milan’s away kit has always been white, sometimes decorated with different types of decorations, the most common being vertical or horizontal red and black stripes.  Both fans and the club believe that the white away jersey brings good luck in the Champions League final, as Milan have won six of the eight finals in all-white (losing only to Ajax and FC in 1995). Liverpool). 2005) and only won one of three home jerseys. The third stripe is seldom used, replaced annually, and is primarily black with red trim.